Entre 2007 e 2013, a redução de 15% do investimento na Europa levou ao aumento de 55% da taxa de desemprego
With current nominal investment levels in the EU lower than 2007 by nearly €380 billion – or approximately 15 per cent – the EU is confronted with a considerable investment shortfall. Moreover, empirical evidence shows a strong correlation between unemployment and investment.
Indeed, improving investment activity is crucial for three main reasons. First, investment feeds into aggregate demand and higher investment activity leads therefore to greater demand and, in turn, higher economic activity and overall employment. Second, improving investment activity is also crucial to renewing and transforming economies’ real capital stock, thus enabling firms to take advantage of new opportunities, expand and hire new employees. Finally, investment is crucial for restoring competitiveness imbalances.
In “An employment-oriented investment strategy for Europe”, OIT, 2015